If you have portions of black or discolored skin, you are not alone. Millions of people have this problem: excessive pigmentation of the skin, in certain areas, at certain periods of their lives.
The most common forms of stains of this type are sunspots - brown surfaces formed by excessive pigmentation due to the sun's rays.
The good news is that proper skin care - by using protective creams - can cause skin discoloration in the affected areas and prevent the appearance of others.
Here are some frequently asked questions about excessive pigmentation.
How can the appearance of sunspots be avoided?
Beware of the sun as much as possible! The sunspots appear due to the exposure of the skin to the sun's rays and are made of dark-colored epithelial tissue. In general, they appear on the face or hands. This disorder of the amount of pigment is caused by ultraviolet and generally occurs in people with very open skin.
Does sunspots and reddish spots mean the same thing?
Yes. The sunspots are also called reddish due to the color. Their shape is oval and their outline is slightly delimited. Although they resemble the liver, they are eczema due to sunlight.
What is melasma?
Melasma is a condition that is manifested by the appearance on the face, neck and shoulders of dark spots. It usually occurs in pregnant women, the cause being hyperpigmentation of the skin.
If I get pregnant is it possible to get my spleen?
Melasma is caused by a combination of sun exposure and hormonal disturbance. When these factors appear simultaneously, melanin secretion increases in certain areas and is deposited near the surface of the skin.
Unfortunately, you can't figure out if you get sick of melasma. There are some studies to this effect that show that 30% of women who have had a case in the family will also suffer from the same affection.
In general, between 50 and 70% of pregnant women suffer from melasma and 5-34% of those who take contraceptive pills.
How can you avoid melasma?
You may not be able to avoid skin hyperpigmentation in some areas. The best recommendation is to avoid as much as possible the sun rays and the right choice of protective creams.
Patients who want to be treated should seek the advice of the dermatologist; the best solutions are cryotherapy (freezing with carbon snow), laser therapy, special creams and peeling by using special substances.
The main way to treat these blemishes is depigmentation through the use of special agents. The most commonly used agent is hydroquinone in a concentration of 4%.
There are other creams that have lower concentrations and can be purchased without a prescription but have no obvious effects.
Products containing tretinoin are effective in the case of blemishes on the face.
These drugs work by bleaching the skin, replacing reddish skin with a new cell layer and slowing down the growth rate of excessively pigmented cells in the affected areas. Creams are the best way to provide tretinoin in the body.
How can you prevent these skin conditions?
Here are some ways to prevent excessive pigmentation of the skin