Between 3-6 years, the baby's sleep undergoes some changes caused by the dizzy rhythm in which it develops and grows. By the time you enter the preschool stage, the little one is already accustomed to a stable sleep schedule and routine, but starting with the age of 3, the number of hours you have to sleep daily decreases, the resting program changes after- noon and various problems or disorders may occur. Here's what to expect from your preschooler's sleep!
The daily number of hours of sleep in the child of 3-6 years
If up to 3 anisors, the child used to sleep between 12 and 14 hours a day, starting with the age of 3 years, the child needs less hours of daily sleep. A preschooler needs to sleep, up to the age of 6 anisors, around 10-12 hours every day, here also entering the night and afternoon sleep.
There is no need to panic if you sleep a little less or more than the average recommended by specialists. It is important to learn and learn healthy sleep habits, and to be restful and unperturbed by various factors.
Afternoon sleep for 3-6 year olds
It is recommended that the afternoon sleep be part of the daily routine of the preschool child, at least at the beginning. At 3 years of age, the child may still have an afternoon sleep, but starting with 5 anisors, it could become history in his program.
It is important to know that afternoon sleeps are not only shorter than 6 years, but they disappear and disappear.
At the beginning of the preschool period, the child needs the baby's nap every afternoon. As it grows, it becomes more and more active - it runs longer, it plays, it goes to grades and it loves to explore the surroundings - and a small afternoon break is welcome for recharging energy batteries.
The child will sleep at lunch for about an hour, but as time goes on, his duration will be halved in the first phase, because, afterwards, he will not want to sleep at all during the day. Do not force it, it is natural that, as you get older, the afternoon sleep disappears.
The baby's sleep routine
The safest and most effective way to ensure that the preschooler has a quiet and restful sleep is to establish a constant routine in his daily schedule. It has to be developed since it was a baby, but it is not too late at the preschool age to be initiated.
Here are some things to consider when developing your child's sleep routine between 3 and 6 years:
- encourage him to fall asleep daily at the same time - both in the evening and in the afternoon (it is advisable to wake up at the same time daily, even if it is weekend or week time);
- provide an environment conducive to sleep (peace of mind, relaxing music in the background, darkness, etc.);
- establishes a daily ritual before bedtime (showered, dressed in pajamas and a relaxing activity - read, looked at drawings, talked to him or played games);
- make sure that his comfort object or toy is not missing from him; it ensures a sense of security and protection when sleeping alone;
- Avoid eating them about two hours before bedtime.
Sleep problems in children 3-6 years
The preschool stage of the child is generally devoid of significant sleep problems. At most, the child may still have nightmares or night terrors.
There will probably be evenings when he won't want to sleep or he won't be able to. The small episodes of insomnia can be favored by various factors - stress, consumption of foods or drinks with caffeine, fatigue, etc.
It is advisable to always investigate the causes of sleep problems and be careful to calm him every time he dreams badly. Never fall asleep near him. It may be a good idea at the moment, but the child may get used to this "method" and may become dependent on you, so you can fall asleep.
If the child's sleep problems persist, become a constant in his life and you cannot find the causes, it is advisable to go to the doctor for further investigations.
The child's fears
The most common fears are related to darkness and loneliness. They can be amplified and persist up to 5-6 years, with the bases at the age of 2-3 years. When the child is very scared of darkness, leave a switch on hand to help turn the light on and off or leave a light on.
At 6 years of age the fears of the children materialize in ghosts and shadows hidden on the corners, behind doors, etc.
The facts that generate such fears are the exaggerated comments in front of the children about various unusual events, "paired" with horror stories, horror films, hospitalization of the child or confinement in the room for longer. If the parents are balanced and the child is protected from too strong fears, these fears may occur, but they are transient.
In the opinion of L. B. Ames, the dream is felt in the child of almost 2 years, and from 3 years the child begins to tell various dreams that he can remember. These stories, however, may represent segments of the child's dreams or imagination.
At about 4 years of age, the exposure of dreams is combined with imaginary or even real events, experienced by the child. Most of the authors who have studied the dream think that they have no solid basis until after 7 years and remain faithful for short periods of time.
For example, the dream told by the child is spontaneously real, immediately after waking up, afterwards the dreamed events being mixed with the fantasy or the reality lived by the child.
These dreams are determined by the feelings of the children leaving or separating, of the fear, of the punishment, but should not be a cause for concern for the parents unless it is repeated. In this case it is necessary the intervention of a psychologist or pediatrician.
Teething and talking during sleep
They often meet associates. These manifestations occur before the age of 3 and are encountered even in students and students.
Speech during sleep is directly related to the anxiety and anxiety of the child.
Teeth grinding is explained by features of the maxillary bones, and sometimes by some cerebral disorders. K. Abe and M. Shimakawa have shown - based on experiments - that in the case of children with one of these disorders, she remained with one of the parents until adulthood.
What has changed and what is not in your preschool child's sleep routine? How did you manage to develop a stable sleep routine? Tell us your tricks in the comment section below!
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